Russell Barkley proposed a widely known model of executive functioning that is based on self-regulation. Primarily derived from work examining behavioral inhibition, this series includes the Simon, Flanker, and Stroop tasks.
Baddeley's model of working memory has three components: phonological loop (verbal), visiospatial sketchpad (visiospatial), and episodic buffer. The later integrates information from multiple domains in temporal and spatially sequenced episodes. This test is called the Keep-Track task.
In the supervisory attentional system model, attentional control aids in generating new schema and then assess their accuracy against well-established schemas. The test of transitioning attention between task schemas is called task switching.
"No problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it."